[This post is part of How the Trinity Changes Everything series]
Of the three posts so far, this one is the shortest, but don’t take that to imply it’s less important. On the Holy Spirit, I said:
The Holy Spirit is both God and a distinct person in the Godhead, not merely the acting of God in human history. The Holy Spirit is equal with the Father and the Son, and as a person has intelligence, emotion, and will. While in a certain sense the purpose of third person of the Godhead is to glorify both Father and Son, the Holy Spirit is no less God and blasphemy of Him is truly the unpardonable sin. Being the words of God the Father and the other Counselor of the same kind as God the Son, the Holy Spirit is clearly God the Spirit, the third person of the Trinity.
- God: His equality is seen clearly in Matthew 28:19; Acts 5:3,4,9; 2 Corinthians 3:17-18
- distinct person: The benchmarks of personhood in reference to the Trinity as explicated by Horrell are: The attributes of deity, full self consciousness, unique relatedness, and perichoresis. (Horrell, “The Eternal Son of God in the Social Trinity,” 52, 53). As will be seen below, the Holy Spirit has the attributes of deity, self-consciousness, is uniquely related, and is perichoretically structured like the other members of the Trinity.
- in human history: Because most of the workings of God are seen to be accomplished through the Spirit, it seems like He is an abstract outworking of God’s purposes in history. However, this in an incorrect inference that is not supported by other revelation within the corpus of the Scriptures.
- and the Son: Especially Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 12:4-6; Acts 28:25; Ephesians 4:4-6
- has intelligence: Support found in John14:26,15:26; Romans 8:27
- emotion: Support found in Hebrews 10:29; Ephesians 4:30; Isaiah 63:10
- will: Support found in Acts8:29, 13:2,15:28, 16:6; 1 Corinthians 2:10-13
- glorify both Father and Son: Support found in John 16:7-15
- the unpardonable sin: Support found in Matthew 12:31
- God the Father: Support found in Isaiah 6:9; Acts 28:25; Hebrew 3:7
- God the Son: Support found in John14:16,14:26,15:26; 1 John 2:1
- God the Spirit: By virtue of being attested throughout Scripture (as noted above) of equality with both God the Father and God the Son, the Holy Spirit is clearly part of the Trinity, and as such provides us at this point with three distinct persons who are all God.
Looking back on this now, I really need to flesh it out more, particularly by incorporating insights from John Owen and John Calvin. I do cover more in the next post detailing the attributes, so look forward to that coming up soon!